The thought of being unable to work due to injury or illness is extremely daunting. But life can be unpredictable and often throws a curveball in our direction. If you’re unsure how you would get by financially if you were unable to work, you might want to consider income protection. People insure their cars and belongings amongst other things while overlooking one of the most important assets they have, their income. Your ability to work and earn money is one of the greatest assets we have as individuals. Of course, nobody wants to think about these unfortunate scenarios, but would you rather be safe or sorry?
What is income protection insurance?
Income protection insurance (also known as permanent health insurance) is a protection policy offered by life insurance companies. An income protection policy will pay you a benefit income if you have been unable to work for a certain amount of time due to illness or injury. There are a couple of things to be aware of before you take out a policy. Firstly, a policy won’t pay you a benefit straight away. You will need to be out of work for weeks, or months before the policy pays out. The second thing to be aware of is that your policy benefit will be less than your actual income, so you will still have less income than you would if you were working.
Is income protection for you?
If you are working full-time or you are self-employed, income protection insurance might be something you wish to consider, especially if you have a family or spouse who depends on your income. Before you take out income protection insurance, you should check what you are entitled to from your employer, to see if it covers you and/or your dependents. You might not be entitled to sick pay at work, or the benefits you are eligible for may fall short of your salary.
Different cover options
You may have choices when it comes to income protection insurance – you can join a group scheme, if one is available in your workplace, or you can take out an individual policy. Generally, you will find it cheaper to join a group scheme, and the amount of medical information required for group protection policies is significantly less than for single policies. On the other hand, an individual policy will be tailored to your specific needs.
How much of your income is protected?
Individual income protection policies typically set out a maximum benefit that will be paid out to you if you make a claim. The maximum benefit payable is generally limited to 75% of your total earnings. Any social welfare benefits that you receive will be deducted from this amount. For example, if you earn €600 per week, the maximum benefit payable could be 75% of your total earnings. Your policy would pay out €450, less any social welfare payments. Under group income protection schemes, you get the proportion of earnings set out in the group policy, less any social welfare payments that you receive. You should always check the terms and conditions of your policy to see what you are being offered and what your pay-out is likely to be.
Understanding your deferred period
It is essential to understand the deferred period. In a nutshell, your deferred period is the amount of time you need to be out of work due to illness or injury before your policy will start paying you a benefit. When you take out your policy, you may be able to choose the deferred period for your policy, typically 4 weeks, 13 weeks, 26 weeks, or 52 weeks. The longer your deferred period, the cheaper the cost of your cover. If you choose a deferred period of four weeks, which means you must be unable to work for four weeks before the income protection payments will begin, the policy will cost more than if you chose 13, 26, or 52 weeks. Before you decide on the deferred period, check if your employer offers sick pay and if so, how much and for how long.
Cost of cover
The cost of your cover is broadly linked to three factors:
- The amount of cover, i.e. the percentage of your income protected
- Your deferred period and
- The length of your policy.
Other factors that can impact the cost of cover are your age, health, occupation, medical history, and lifestyle.
How long will benefits last?
Your income protection payments will stop if you return to work, reach an agreed age as set out under your policy or if you pass away. Your insurance company’s medical officer might check your condition, and may deem you fit to return to work, at which point your payments will come to an end. Remember to pay your premiums on time. If you don’t, your policy could lapse, and you may not be able to claim.
For more information, give us a call on 025-30588 or book a complimentary consultation by clicking this link. We are available for in-office consultations as well as zoom, phone, or any alternative you prefer. Thanks and stay safe.